Identification of Factors Affecting Blockchain Technology in Sustainable Supply Chain of the Steel Industry Using SPCA and KPCA Methods

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 department of management

2 PhD student in Industrial management, Department of management, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch, Isfahan, Iran.

3 PhD student in Industrial management, Department of management, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin Branch, Qazvin, Iran.

Abstract

Sustainable supply chain management develops the business, environmental and social dimensions. In this regard, the use of blockchain in the sustainable supply chain provides a platform for secure data exchange and protects documents and events against fraud and manipulation in the process of transportation. The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting blockchain technology in sustainable supply chain of Mobarakeh Steel Company. Using the Delphi technique, factors have identified with the maximum agreement of experts, in-depth study of previous studies, judgments of respected professors and experts in the field of management, and experts working in Mobarakeh Steel Industry. The factors were analyzed using SPCA and KPCA methods. The research methodology is a descriptive/ correlational survey, data were collected in terms of practical research, and library research has been in compiling the theoretical foundations and related literature. The statistical population of this study includes 74 experts in the field of sustainable supply chain, and finally, the opinions of 56 experts have been analyzed. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data and the content and face validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by experts. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed with Cronbach’s alpha = 0.961. Statistical data were analyzed in SPSS and R software and SPCA and KPCA methods were implemented. The results showed that the identified factors in three general dimensions are business, social and environmental, respectively, which are affecting blockchain technology in the sustainable supply chain of Mobarakeh Steel Company.

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